Glossary of Terms


Signed, numbered, limited edition serigraphs printed on white paper. Triad uses a heavy weight archival, acid free printer's paper called "museum board". This heavy weight white paper is an excellent substrate because it holds up to the dozens of layers of printers ink required to produce the lush, rich hues and textures that give Royo's serigraphs it's signature quality.


Signed, numbered, limited edition serigraphs printed on black paper. Triad used the same type of heavy archival black museum board as in the white editions. There were significantly fewer serigraphs produced on black paper thus making these prints a "deluxe" portion of the editions. There were seven serigraph editions by Royo produced on black paper from 1995 to 1997.


In response to the demand in today's market for fine art that does not require glazing or glass, Triad Art Group working in co-operation with award-winning master printers developed serigraphy on "claybord". Claybord is a registered trademark product of the Ampersand Company of Austin, Texas. Originally invented by the art supply company as a product for artists to paint onto, claybord has been adopted by Triad for fine art printmaking through an extensive series of printmaking experiments.

Claybord is made from a base layer of Masonite (hard-pressured wood particles and glue compound) that is coated with a layer of white acid free clay, which is baked and sanded onto the surface. The clay acts much like a layer of artist's "gesso" and provides a smooth porous surface for painting or printmaking. Triad most often refers to our prints on claybord as "panels".

During the serigraphy process, ink is applied one color at a time by hand. Once the layers of inks forming the image have built up and been completed, a layer of UV protective coating is applied to help reduce the damaging effects of light on the image over time. Then the image is coated with one layer of varnish at a time, until eight to ten layers have been completed. The varnish layers are silk-screened onto the image to represent the brush strokes apparent in the original painting. These textured varnish coats give the artwork an appearance very similar to an original oil painting on canvas. The varnish layers also protect the surface of the art from dust and moisture. The finished panels can then be framed without glass.

The serigraphs on panel are a terrific alternative for collectors not prepared for the cost of an original oil painting but prefer the look of art without the reflection of glass. Panels are shipped to galleries flat-packed in foam lined strong boxes to protect them from moisture and excessive trauma.